References and case studies The following case studies feature examples of buildings and complexes incorporating high quality Novoferm products. Some of them are unusual, other are impressive, but they all emphasize the enormous breadth of possible uses.
With a student body numbering around 10,000, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences is the biggest state-run university of its kind in Ostwestfalen-Lippe. The construction and facility management function for the state of North Rhine Westphalia built a new centre at the university that bring all the disciplines together under one roof to enable optimum research and study conditions on a total floor space of more than 92,000 sqm. Where so many people come together every day, the management of security requirements is also a matter for professionals.
Novoferm steel tubular frame doors were chosen to provide the smoke and fire seals, not just because of their strength but equally on account of their delicate structure and elegant, slimline visible widths. After all, one of the planners’ key specifications was transparency. Lecture halls and seminar rooms flooded with daylight, integrated atriums combined with the transparency afforded by large glazing surfaces and manifold visual axes are all external characteristics of a desired open communication culture and an interdisciplinary exchange of ideas.
Facts & Figures
New construction of Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences
Bau- und Liegenschaftsbetrieb NRW, Bielefeld
Auer + Weber + Assoziierte GmbH, Stuttgart
Buildings linked by transparent fire protection solutions
Novoferm fuego light and presto in steel
T30 single and double door units
T90 single and double door units
Single and double smokeproof door units
Fire resistant glazing up to 5 m high
F30 glazing spanning multiple floors
Fig. 1 Fire resistant glazing up to 5 m in height
Other remarkable elements of this project are the elaborate technical features of the individual fire resistant and smokeproof doors. In the entrance lobby and extensive connecting routes, more than 200 single and double T30 / T90 fire resistant doors from the Novoferm fuego light range and around 90 single and double smokeproof doors from the presto range reliably protect the university from the risks of fire.
In light of the extensive traffic, all doors are fitted with electromechanical or magnetic hold open systems. They keep the doors open at all times – so no dangerous barriers in everyday university life – but close them immediately and automatically in an emergency when triggered by the smoke detection systems. Intelligent security systems that only act in an emergency.
One detail in particular really emphasizes the quality: the colour coating of all of the steel tubular frame doors is absolutely identical to the colour of the façade. This raises the degree of recognition and emphasizes the uniform appearance of the university. A perfect example of professional corporate design.
Novoferm steel tubular frame doors provide fire protection that is both reliable and aesthetic.
Where great value is placed on transparency and aesthetics, the sophisticated design requirements extend to include even functional security systems. Novoferm steel tubular frame doors with glazing were chosen as the numerous fire resistant and smokeproof doors for this major project.
They really demonstrate their exceptional quality and strength in heavily frequented areas – such as these public spaces with frequently changing traffic – even when exposed to permanent extreme stress or frequent incorrect operation.
Added to which, surface damages are quick and easy to repair to a limited extent. Notwithstanding its exceptional robustness, the strength of steel allows structural designs of unparalleled delicacy with slimline profiles and strikingly narrow visible widths.
Which in turn makes it possible to install particularly large glazing panels to create the transparent structures required by the property owner in the interior of the building. They also add a very special touch to contemporary architecture.
Glass facades spanning multiple floors
F30 glazing spanning multiple floors
Some 300 fire resistant and smokeproof doors from Novoferm’s fuego light and presto systems were installed in Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences. They were joined by further exterior fire seals and customized designs.
The interior design of the university features some open spaces that span multiple floors. To prevent fires and smoke spreading from one floor to the next yet still maintaining the openness of the building design, F30 glazing spanning three or four floors was installed.
The individual units are supported by the ceilings between the floors which were covered with panels at the front to create the impression of continuous glass façades that span multiple floors and provide maximum transparency.
And are building code tested and approved as a customized fire resistant solution.
Open and transparent structures create a modern teaching and learning environment
All doors made of galvanized precision steel frames.
Hamburg’s biggest vocational school opened in the heart of the St. Pauli district. The biggest vocational training centre in the hanseatic city was built on Budapester Strasse to accommodate some 2,500 students and around 100 teachers.
The existing grammar school has been extensively renovated and a five-storey building added – with open learning landscapes in a multifunctional architecture for contemporary learning concepts.
The design requirements were dominated by the wish for brightness and transparency, even for the fire protection systems that tend to be mainly functional in appearance.
Facts & Figures
St. Pauli vocational school
School for banking, insurance
and law with vocational grammar school
focusing on business
Behörde für Schule und Berufsausbildung (BSB)
HEOS Berufliche Schulen Hamburg GmbH
Strict fire protection and quality requirements in conjunction with
NovoFire system in aluminium
T30 and T90 doors with side panels and fanlights
Escape route to the staircase: T30-1 RS fire resistant doors with large leaf and generous glazing to make the most possible use of daylight.
functional performance and design
That the architectural design of a school can have a positive impact on the learning achievements of its students is undisputed. There are numerous attractive examples that prove this claim. To an extent, however, the imagination of architects is constrained by legal specifications – such as fire protection regulations.
The high quality fire resistant and smokeproof seals in the new vocational training centre are proof that this does not have to be the case. They impressively unite reliable functional performance with an attractive design.
NovoFire aluminium systems for doors and walls were installed. These high quality glass frame structures designed by Novoferm are the perfect solution for modern property construction. With its slimline visible widths, elegant surface finishes and numerous variants, the system offers huge scope for very individual yet consistent design.
Both T30 / T90 fire resistant doors and smokeproof doors were installed to seal off the defined sections in the extension, which measures about 11,000 sqm. They not only ensured the requisite function but also blended perfectly into the architectural surroundings.
Effective light control
T30-RS double fire resistant door for securing fire sections, full panic as per EN 179
The staircases in the extension were located on the outer edges of the building and clad with a glass façade to maximize light incidence. The planners wanted to use clever light control to effectively channel daylight from the outside far into the adjoining corridors. Special solutions were needed.
The clients opted for slimline single and double NovoFire T30 doors with aluminium-glass frame structures, with glazing panels joining the sides to the walls, and fanlights. The unusually large dimensions of the door leaves and side panels are particularly striking and enable the use of very large glass surfaces – while still guaranteeing full security performance – to allow bright and friendly daylight to flood unhindered from the staircase into the adjoining corridors.
Other remarkable elements of this project are the elaborate technical features of the individual fire resistant and smokeproof doors. All of them are fitted with electromechanical hold open systems that are connected to the smoke detection and alarm system. Thus the doors can remain permanently open until a signal from the smoke detectors activates the overhead door closers in an emergency.
Schools as places to live and learn
The new school auditorium is enhanced with colourful highlights and an original lighting concept
Monumental school buildings with classrooms leading off to the left and right of dark, grey felt carpeted corridors running through the interior are a thing of the past. Schools are increasingly becoming places to live and learn.
Modern education centres feature open designs nowadays, with flexible and bright rooms to help students learn. This reflects the shift in learning styles – away from the teacher standing at the front of the classroom and towards working in small groups or individual learning, more time spent at school by students and teachers, and the increasingly fading lines between teaching and recuperation phases.
Accordingly, Education Senator Ties Rabe praised the new vocational training centre as a “future-oriented, exceptionally well-equipped school with a room concept that supports modern and new learning methods.”
T30-2 RS fire resistant door with panic hardware as per EN 179 and large windows
Large-leaf T30-1 RS fire resistant door to the staircase escape route; with electromechanical hold open system to keep the door open and ensure user friendliness.
T30 and T90 fire resistant doors for access to the individual fire sections
Security is a key issue in this heavily frequented school building where so many children are taught. Which is why it has been systematically upgraded with high quality fire resistant doors. Regardless of whether the doors have one or two leaves, both NovoFire models share the same excellent quality right down to the smallest detail. They are fitted with overhead door closers that can be adjusted with exact accuracy, and are coupled with precision catches and perfectly fitting seals.
Individually manufactured Although all of the fire resistant doors installed in this property look the same, each one is in fact unique. The matching engineering design of the components and the pre-assembly of the doors at the factory ensure exceptional functional reliability and durability.
The new fire sections with their high quality NovoFire® T30 aluminium tubular frame doors provide security while their bright open character emphasizes the attractive architectural contrast of traditional and modern.
Facts & Figures
Aachen music school
City of Aachen
Alpha Bau GmbH
Conversion of existing building, smoke and fire protection, individual design, same visual appearance as existing units
Single and double leaf NovoFire® T30
tubular frame doors made of aluminium
Security and transparency throughout all corridors
Retroactive fire sections combined with NovoFire® T30/ EI230C5Sm.
To assure the security of the pupils, the entire building was overhauled and fitted with an extended fire protection concept involving the design of new fire sections in keeping with the changed utilization. At the property owner’s request, the practice rooms were designed to be spacious, bright, friendly, and exceptionally inviting.
Equally, the corridors and hallways – that also serve as the escape routes – were to be bright and transparent. The biggest challenge lay in satisfying the requirement for a visually uniform interior design. The appearance of both the doors already in place and the new fire resistance doors was to be as identical as possible.
The client opted for T30 aluminium tubular frame doors from Novoferm’s NovoFire® system. With their large transparent surfaces, they not only reflect the current zeitgeist – the elegantly slim visible widths allow for large glazing surfaces to bring lots of light and visibility to the corridors – but also match the appearance of the doors already in place.
The tangibly good quality combined with the elegant aluminium surfaces – in this example in light grey with subtly toning glass strips – are a particularly good match for the historical brick ambiance and overall impression.
Making music in secure surroundings – with transparent fire protection
Staircase with existing fire resistant doors that dictated the appearance of the new doors.
Modifying existing buildings is increasingly becoming a core requirement in modern construction culture. Combining existing historical characteristics with modern and transparent fire protection solutions made by Novoferm produces a particularly attractive result. In keeping with the new fire sections, all school corridors were fitted with double NovoFire® T30 aluminium door units with matching fanlights and side panels.
These doors are particularly stable thanks to the profile wall thickness of 4 mm, and extremely compact with just one single fire resistant core anchored in the centre. Added to which, the visible width is the same on all models. The former arches in the corridors were filled with plasterboard.
NovoFire® T30/ EI230C5Sm fire resistant door with side panel and fanlight, with slim profile widths, delicate overall appearance and generous glass surfaces. They satisfy the demands for security and match the appearance of the existing doors, as required.
NovoFire® T30/ EI230C5Sm door with anti-pinch protection to ensure the safety of the secondary closing edges, effectively stops fingers getting accidentally caught between panel and frame.
NovoFire® T30/ EI230C5Sm fire resistant door with integrated hold open mechanism for barrier-free mobility.
Catastrophes at the push of a button to allow fire service training in realistic conditions
Building specification DEurope’s only hall for realistic simulation of fire and rescue exercises of the fire services in North Rhine Westphalia. All sorts of rescue scenarios can be practiced, regardless of the weather. The automatic control technology works with visual, acoustic and fire-like effects.
Training is conducted as a team exercise and using real fire engines and equipment. It focuses both on fire operations and technical rescues, and so-called NRBC operations involving nuclear, radioactive, biological or chemical hazards.
The practice area measuring around 10,900 sqm and up to 30 m in height is covered by a freely supported steel truss and houses all sorts of buildings – from homes, offices and staircases to commercial and industrial buildings, right up to a hospital, an underground garage, railway line and gas flare system. These replica buildings are joined by an appropriately dimensioned inside hall designed specifically for rescues at height and vehicle rescue operations, a multi-storey training and changing area with cafeteria, and the necessary traffic areas. The prefabricated fair faced concrete facade can be used for outdoor rescues at height.
Facts & Figures
Bau- und Liegenschaftsbetrieb NRW, Münster
Max Bögl AG
approx. 30 m
approx. 23,330 m²
Floor space in practice hall:
approx. 10,900 m²
two-storey training building with four auditoriums
Eastern and western sides:
covered vehicle parks with space for 22 fire engines
multi-storey training building with covered practice area of approx. 65 x 50 m
2005 – 2007
approx. 23.5 million euros
Net floor space:
Steel / multipurpose / fire resistant doors
Doors with stainless steel hinges
Incorrectly installed T30 door without door closer (for simulation purposes, not approved)
Various doors were modified by Dräger (with heatable surface / backdraft)
Doors with airlock control (lab simulation)
Novoferm products in the reference property
The automatically controlled simulation of scenarios involving non-toxic smoke, visual/sound effects and interactive dummies is possible in the new training centre, the only one of its kind in Europe. Novoferm Riexinger supplied and installed more than 110 door seals. Some of them were modified specifically for training purposes.
Certain fire resistant doors were modified in collaboration with Dräger, for example to include heatable surfaces and a so-called backdraft for simulating a gas explosion in the room behind with smoke escaping through the door. Fire resistant doors with airlock control were also installed.
All of the doors in the complex – regardless of whether fire resistant or not – are fitted with stainless steel hinges. The hinges on the multipurpose doors are three-dimensionally adjustable.
Coping with small seals in extremely confined circumstances can also be practiced with Novoferm Riexinger fire resistant trap doors.
Several T30 doors were installed without door closers or boilerplates for simulation purposes. These models would not have been approved in real life.
High quality galvanized surface finish with additional base coating
All steel doors made by Novoferm Riexinger are finished with a high quality galvanized surface and also primed (powder coating in RAL 9016).
In practice, the huge choice of available sizes, models and features enables exactly the right doors to be installed for a specific project. Novoferm Riexinger can also offer solutions for customized applications – the fire service in Münster knew what they were doing when they opted for the expertise and manufacturing depth of Novoferm Riexinger for their training centre.
Novoferm Riexinger can provide a host of rectangular or round standard-compliant glazing options. In keeping with the approval, fire resistant glass must be used on T30 and T90 doors, whereas numerous glazing options are possible for multipurpose doors. Special cutouts are always possible – even on multi-pane glazing. For simulation purposes, the T30 door was fitted with laminated glass instead of the specified fire resistant glass.
All Novoferm Riexinger steel doors have a homely, elaborately finished thick rebate. A choice of frame types, hardware and additional features are available to match the design to the property.
The outdoor area – which measures 2.5 ha – offers railway tracks with carriages, underground construction sites, fields of rubble, water features and shafts for training and testing purposes. The buildings – some open, some closed – are different heights and used to practice evacuations and rescues at height.